Equations performed here are useful as "stand alone" equations. This Java rendition does not bring equations together for final LC results. For example, the Length of Wire and Frequency of Coil equation computed here is ONLY the secondary coils wire length frequency. The equation does not take into account the total LC configuration (top terminal, self capacitance, etc.). The final output frequency of the coil will NOT be what is calculated here.
Transformer Impedence Calculator
Enter your Transformer Volts and Milliamps to get the Capacitor value needed for your coil.
Example: I would enter 9000 volts and 45 milliamps for my neon sign transformer.
Note: If you used two transformers then simply double the milliamps (not volts), etc...
also to convert Amps to Millamps multiply by 1000 (.045 Amps = 45 Milliamps).
Assumes 60 Cycles (The cycle rate of common household current in the U.S.A.)
Reactance of Capacitor Calculator
Enter the Frequency of your Secondary Coil to get the Inductance needed for your Primary Coil.
Example: I would enter 190 as my secondary frequency in kilohertz.
Note: To convert megahertz to kilohertz multiply by 1000 (0.190 Mhz = 190.0 Khz).
Capacitor value is taken from equation One!
Length of Wire AND Frequency of Coil
Enter the desired Frequency OR Length of wire and get the other.
Example: I entered 1295 for length of wire and found that my coil runs at about 190 kilohertz.
Flat Spiral Pancake Primary
(A) the Average Radius as measured from the central axis to the middle of the winding,
(W) the Width of the coil,
and the Number of Turns to get the Inductance of your Flat Spiral Pancake Primary Coil.
Number of Turns for Helical Primary
Enter your desired Inductance in Microhenries, Radius (from center axis to edge), and Height to
get the number of turns needed for your Helical Primary.
Plate Type or Rolled Capacitors
NOTE: For 2 plate rolled capacitors, manually multiply the result by 2. The Java Calculator did not originally take into account that a 2 plate rolled capacitor actually has 4 conducting plates because each side of the two plates serves as a conductor in a rolled configuration.
1) Dielectric constant (K) of the material used (Glass = 4 to 10, Polyethlene = 2 to 2.3 depending on purity).
2) The Area of a single plate (width times height).
3) Distance between plates (thickness of the glass, etc...).
4) The number of plates used in the capacitor.
This will give you the capacitance of your Plate Type or Rolled capacitor.
Jar or Bottle Type Capacitors
1) Dielectric constant (K) of the material used (Glass = 4 to 10 ).
2) The Jar Radius (center axis to edge of jar).
3) Jar Height that is actually used (the height of the salt water in the jar).
4) The Jar Thickness (the thickness of the glass used).
This will give you the capacitance of a single Jar or Bottle that makes up your capacitor.
Capacitance of a Sphere in Space
Enter the desired Capacitance of your Terminal Sphere OR the actual Size of the Terminal Sphere.
Note: Radius means from the center point of a circle to the edge. A 3 foot diameter sphere would have a radius of 1.5 feet.
Capacitance of a Toroid
Enter the Outside diameter of the Toroid and the cord (cross section) to obtain the capacitance in picofarads.
Note: This equation is accurate for toroids up to 6 feet in diameter.
This equation courtesy of Bert Pool.